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A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that occurs when the brain is violently shaken. Typically the injury occurs during rapid movement changes such as whiplash or a direct hit to the head(2). This shaking or hitting of the head causes unpredictable injury to various areas of the brain. The damage sustained from a concussion may not just be physical but can also cause alteration in the chemical balance in the brain. This alteration can cause behavioral issues. The complications from concussions range from short-term to long-term. The CDC estimates that 1.6 million to 3.8 million people experience concussions during sports and recreational activities annually in the United States alone(2)
What is a bursa? A bursa is a fluid filled sac that helps things move easily at the major joints in the body. A Bursa appears at a junction of a tendon on the bone. It protects and brakes the shocks of the joint. The structures nearby the bursa can move with minimal friction due to irritation. There are over 150 bursae. Sometime these bursae become inflamed or irritated, resulting in a condition called bursitis. This happens most often in the shoulders, elbows, knees, and feet.
Last week I discussed Osgood Schlatter’s Disease. Today I’m going to talk about another issue that can occur during adolescence known as Sever’s disease. Sever’s disease known as calcaneal apophysitis is an inflammation of the heel. This is due to repetitive small traumas from traction of the Achilles tendon at the bone growth center of the calcaneus (heel bone). This causes calcaneal apophysis damage.
When I was little I had heard the term growing pains and I thought it was just a phrase used for not getting my way when I wanted something. It turns out growing pains are real. It can happen in a few different places in the body, but today I’m going on focus on Osgood Schlatter’s disease. Osgood-Schlatter Disease is a form of knee pain that occurs in some adolescents. The area right below the kneecap becomes inflammed. This is where the tendon from the knee attaches (patellar tendon) to the tibia.
Living in such a condensely populated area, most everyone who lives in the DC area has been in a car accident or been rear ended. Sometimes there is no injury to the parties involved but more often than not there is. The most common injury that occurs is what’s known as whiplash. Whiplash is a neck injury due to forceful, rapid back-and-forth movement of the neck. This occurs most often with a sudden impact of being hit in a car because while our torso is secured our head and neck isn’t.
The need for surgeries is something that will always be constant. However, the way that we recover from them is constantly changing. A decade ago, bedrest and limited activity after orthopedic surgeries was the norm. However, through the advancement of technology and the abundance of therapeutic resources at our fingertips the game has changed. Studies show that physical therapy in conjunction with a prescribed home exercise program increases the speed and likelihood of a full recovery.
It’s that time of year everyone! Whether we like it or not, summer is drawing to an end which can only mean one thing: Back to school time! Whether you yourself are in school or you have a child in school it’s important to establish or re-established healthy habits to ensure success and a happy well being. Making sure to get to bed at a routine time is crucial for successful learning. Having everything ready to go the night before to limit stress in the morning is very helpful routine to establish as well.
Working as a physical therapist assistant one injury that is always prevalent among all ages is back pain. Most people have experienced some back pain in their life for one reason or another. There is some evidence that suggests inversion therapy may help relieve back pain.
Exercise. Sometimes it’s really hard to do it. It’s not that it is actually hard but the idea of it can seem daunting. You are cozy on the couch watching your favorite show. And you don’t want to get up. So why do it? Studies show that exercise is as effective as antidepressants to elevate your mood.